President Trump and his Democratic challenger Joe Biden have gone head-to-head within the first of three televised debates earlier than the US election in November.
Throughout a heated 90 minutes, the nominees clashed over all the pieces from the state of the economic system to the dealing with of the coronavirus pandemic. Actuality Verify has unpicked a few of their claims.
Trump: “We constructed the best economic system in historical past”
Verdict: That is not proper – there have been occasions in US historical past when the economic system was stronger.
Earlier than the coronavirus outbreak, President Trump claimed to have generated historic financial development.
It is true the economic system was doing effectively earlier than the pandemic – persevering with a pattern that started through the Obama administration – however there have been durations when it was a lot stronger.
Biden: “We’ve 4% of the world’s inhabitants, [but] 20% of the deaths”
Verdict: That is roughly right. However coronavirus deaths per capita, there are a selection of nations that are worse than the US.
Mr Biden criticised President Trump’s administration of the coronavirus response.
In keeping with the figures, his declare is about proper. The US inhabitants is round 328 million, which is simply over 4% of the 7.7 billion international inhabitants.
There have been 205,942 coronavirus deaths recorded within the US, in accordance with the most recent John Hopkins College information. The entire variety of deaths recorded worldwide is 1,004,808.
On this metric, the US accounts for about 20% of Covid-19 deaths worldwide, though the best way international locations document their figures varies significantly.
Nations with the best per capita Covid-19 deaths
Per 100,000 individuals
Trump: Postal ballots improve will trigger “a fraud such as you’ve by no means seen”
Verdict: Research haven’t discovered proof of widespread fraud, though there have been remoted circumstances.
Because of the coronavirus pandemic, a big proportion of US voters are anticipated to make use of postal voting on this 12 months’s election.
The president has repeatedly warned that this may result in widespread fraud.
There have been remoted circumstances of fraud together with latest examples in North Carolina and New Jersey.
In September, the US Division of Justice launched a press release about an incident in Pennsylvania through which “9 navy ballots had been discarded” and stated seven of them “had been forged for presidential candidate Donald Trump”.
However regardless of such incidents, quite a few research haven’t revealed proof of main, widespread fraud.
The speed of voting fraud general within the US is between 0.00004% and 0.0009%, in accordance with a 2017 study by the Brennan Middle for Justice.
Biden: “100 million individuals [in the US] have pre-existing circumstances”
Verdict: There isn’t any definitive reply to this.
The candidates clashed over how many individuals within the US have pre-existing medical circumstances, which may cease some Individuals from being coated by non-public medical insurers.
Mr Biden stated there have been 100 million individuals with pre-existing circumstances, however President Trump stated that quantity was “completely fallacious”.
So what number of are there? There isn’t any definitive reply.
In keeping with the US authorities’s Division of Well being and Human Providers, between 50 and 129 million non-elderly Individuals have some kind of pre-existing well being situation.
Different organisations have totally different estimates. The Center for American Progress believes it’s greater, at 135 million individuals underneath age 65.
Trump: “We’re weeks away from a vaccine”
Verdict: There’s a “very, very low likelihood” of an authorised vaccine being prepared by the tip of October, the chief scientific adviser to the US vaccine programme says.
President Trump stated within the debate that the US is simply “weeks” from a vaccine. Nevertheless, Dr Moncef Slaoui, the chief scientific adviser to the US vaccine programme, has stated there may be solely a small likelihood an authorised vaccine could possibly be ready by the end of October.
In the meantime, Dr Anthony Fauci, the nation’s high infectious illness skilled, has predicted the US will know if it has a protected and efficient jab by November or December this 12 months.
He advised a Senate committee listening to this month there is likely to be sufficient doses for each American by April.
Biden: “Manufacturing went right into a gap” earlier than coronavirus
Verdict: That is not proper, in accordance with the figures.
Democratic candidate Joe Biden steered that even earlier than Covid-19, “manufacturing went right into a gap”.
The pandemic did have an effect on this sector. As of August, there were 237,000 fewer manufacturing jobs in the US than when Trump took office in 2017.
However previous to the outbreak, President Trump had added nearly half 1,000,000 manufacturing jobs throughout his first three years in workplace.
Trump: Biden as soon as referred to as African-Individuals “super-predators”
Verdict: Mr Biden didn’t use that exact time period. He did use the phrase “predators” however didn’t use this to check with African-Individuals.
President Trump accused his opponent of calling African-Individuals “super-predators”.
In 1993 Mr Biden warned of “predators on our streets” throughout a speech earlier than a vote on the important thing crime invoice in Congress.
There was no particular point out of African-Individuals however the crime invoice was later criticised for increasing mass incarceration which disproportionately affected African-American males.
The time period “super-predator” was utilized by Hillary Clinton in 1996 in help of the controversial invoice.
Ms Clinton stated: “We have to take these individuals on. They’re usually related to massive drug cartels, they aren’t simply gangs of youngsters anymore. They’re usually the sorts of youngsters which are referred to as super-predators – no conscience, no empathy.”
Biden: “Trump hasn’t lowered drug costs for anybody”
Verdict: The common month-to-month value of pharmaceuticals fell barely within the 12 months to August 2019, though it then rose once more.
In keeping with the Bureau of Labor Statistics Client Value Index (CPI) – which measures the price of home items within the US – the common month-to-month value of pharmaceuticals fell by 0.3% within the 12 months to August 2019.
This was the primary value lower over a 12-month interval since 1973. Whereas common drug costs rose by 1.5% over the next 12 months, underneath President Trump the common rises have been decrease than underneath President Obama.
The CPI will not be essentially probably the most dependable solution to measure drug costs, because it primarily consists of broadly used medicine, that are often cheaper. It’s much less more likely to embrace newer or less-prescribed medicine, that are costlier and have greater value will increase.