David Haviland (L), member of the Nobel Committee for Physics, and Goran Okay Hansson, Secretary Common of the Academy of Sciences, sit in entrance of a display displaying the winners of the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics (L-R) Briton Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel of Germany and Andrea Ghez of the US, throughout a press convention on the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, on October 6, 2020.
FREDRIK SANDBERG | TT NEWS AGENCY | AFP by way of Getty Pictures
Three scientists received this yr’s Nobel Prize in physics Tuesday for advancing our understanding of black holes.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences stated that Briton Roger Penrose will obtain half of this yr’s prize “for the invention that black gap formation is a strong prediction of the overall concept of relativity.”
Goran Okay. Hansson, the academy’s secretary-general, stated German Reinhard Genzel and American Andrea Ghez will obtain the second half of the prize “for the invention of a supermassive compact object on the heart of our galaxy.”
The prizes have fun “one of the unique objects within the universe,” black holes, which have change into a staple of science fiction and science reality and the place time even appears to face nonetheless, Nobel committee scientists stated.
Penrose proved with arithmetic that the formation of black holes was doable, primarily based closely on Albert Einstein’s common concept of relativity. Genzel and Ghez appeared on the dust-covered heart of our Milky Approach galaxy the place one thing unusual was happening, a number of stars transferring round one thing they could not see.
It was a black gap. Not simply an extraordinary black gap, however a supermassive black gap, 4 million instances the mass of our solar.
Now scientists know that every one galaxies have supermassive black holes.
It is not uncommon for a number of scientists who labored in associated fields to share the prize. Final yr’s prize went to Canadian-born cosmologist James Peebles for theoretical work in regards to the early moments after the Large Bang, and Swiss astronomers Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz for locating a planet exterior our photo voltaic system.
The distinguished award comes with a gold medal and prize cash of 10 million Swedish kronor (greater than $1.1 million), courtesy of a bequest left 124 years in the past by the prize’s creator, Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel. The quantity was elevated lately to regulate for inflation.
On Monday, the Nobel Committee awarded the prize for physiology and drugs to People Harvey J. Alter and Charles M. Rice and British-born scientist Michael Houghton for locating the liver-ravaging hepatitis C virus.
The opposite prizes, to be introduced within the coming days, are for excellent work within the fields of chemistry, literature, peace and economics.